Must-Know Reactions

Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

reactions of carboxylic acids

Carboxylic acid functional group is very common in organic synthesis and in biochemical processes. Thus, knowing the reactions of carboxylic acids is a must for anyone who wants to master organic chemistry. Acid-Base Properties of Carboxylic Acids Carboxylic acids are, well, acids 😀 so they tend to dissociate giving a proton/hydronium ion and a corresponding …

Reactions of Carboxylic Acids Read More »

Reactions of Alcohols

Alcohol function is an extremely versatile functional group in organic chemistry. Reactions of alcohols involve oxidations, substitutions, and eliminations giving you a significant advantage in synthesis and functional group modifications. Reactions of alcohols is a typical topic in a sophomore organic chemistry and is covered in either first or second semester depending on the instructor’s …

Reactions of Alcohols Read More »

Reactions of Alkynes

Alkynes have a very similar reactivity to alkenes. They undergo the electrophilic additions like halogenation and hydrohalogenation. They can also be reduced with the aid of a heterogeneous catalyst or oxidized via several techniques. Alkynes do, however, have a number of unique reactions that you’re not going to see with other functional groups. Catalytic Hydrogenation …

Reactions of Alkynes Read More »

Reactions of Alkenes

Reactions of alkenes is a huge topics. Alkenes, as a functional group, is a very versatile one. You can reduce it, you can oxidize it, you can cleave it, and you can do a large number of various addition reactions modifying an alkene to other functional groups. So, let’s go over the must-know reactions of …

Reactions of Alkenes Read More »

Pinacol Rearrangement

Pinacol rearrangement is a specific elimination reaction that vicinal diols go through in acidic conditions. Unlike a typical E1 reaction that gives you an alkene, the pinacol rearrangement gives you an aldehyde or a ketone instead. Here’s the general scheme for the reaction: As you can see, the pinacol rearrangement also causes the carbon backbone …

Pinacol Rearrangement Read More »