What Is the Difference Between a Good Question and a Bad Question?

What Is the Difference Between a Good Question and a Bad Question? Imagine yourself doing your homework or reading the textbook and something doesn’t make sense. What would you probably do in such a case? Correct—ask your teacher. Next day you go to school, go to your teacher’s office hours or visit with them after …

What Is the Difference Between a Good Question and a Bad Question? Read More »

Protonating A Carboxylic Acid: Which Atom To Choose?

Carboxylic acids get protonated in a number of reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. An example of such a reaction would be Fischer esterification. The question that I often discuss with my students in our tutoring sessions is which atom to protonate? After all, there are two oxygens and each of those is a potential acceptor …

Protonating A Carboxylic Acid: Which Atom To Choose? Read More »

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Practice Question 2

Hint: this is a challenge question, so the answer might not be as “obvious” as you might think 😉 Ok, let’s look at what’s going on in this reaction. The first step, as in any Friedel-Crafts alkylation, would be the formation of a carbocationic intermediate: After we have formed a carbocation, we always want to …

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Practice Question 2 Read More »

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Practice Question 1

Friedel-Crafts alkylation produces a carbocation as an active electrophile that attacks the aromatic compound. In this reaction this step will look like this: An important aspect of this step is that the newly formed carbocation is unstable. As an high-energy species, this carbocation will rearrange (if possible) into a more stable carbocation. In this case, …

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Practice Question 1 Read More »